The title of the article is ‘Testing Vocabulary’. The author of the article is S. Kathleen. The publishment date 1996. It has been retrived from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED398254.pdf
Vocabulary knowledge is important for teaching language. There are four kinds of vocabulary:
Active speaking words; these word are used in spoken language and students produce active speaking words.
Passive listening words; these words are not produced by students. Students just recognize passive listening words.
Active writing words which are used in writing.
Passive reading words, which students recognize in reading passages. Test writers are generally prone to test passive reading vocabulary. If vocabulary kinds are known by test writers this mistake can be corrected. If test writers have a syllabus to base on it is easy to write a test. But in proficiency tests it is hard to create a test because there is no certain level of vocabulary. There are some types of vocabulary: multiple choice task, synonym/definition items, picture items, sentence items, context items, set items,matching items, completion items, formation items, guessing meaning from context.
As it is stated in the article, passive reading vocabulary is generally tested in our country, other kinds are not taken into importance. By analyzing vocabulary testing types, we can correct this mistake.