The title of the article is ‘Testing Grammar’. The author of the article is S. Kathleen. It was published in 1996. It is retrived from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED398256.pdf
Grammar knowledge is one of the basis of using language. Hence, testing grammar is really important. There are some types of testing grammar:
Multiple Choice Questions; this type is most popular and used one. It is easy to mark students. Generally, studens are given sentences with blanks and asked to choose most suitable answer from choices below. Sometimes,testees are given a sentence and choices, then they are asked to choose the same meaning sentence with the sentence above. Test writers must give enough context; neither so much, nor so little. Short reading passages is more convenient than individual sentences. Moreover, they are enjoyable for students.
Error Correction; testees are given a sentence and there is an error in the sentence. Four phrase or words have been marked with letters and testees are asked to find the error.
Transformation Items is another type of testing grammar. Testee are given a sentence and some words of a sentence, then asked to rewrite the sentence above by using words below and without changing the meaning. Disadvantage of this test is that teacher must know other alternative answers that may be given by testees.
Word Changing Items is another type. Students are given a sentence with a blank and a word in parenthesis. Students are asked to fill the blank but they have to use another form of the word.
Grammar teaching is common in out country and grammar testing is improved well. Teachers use almost all of the types at school. The most popular one is Transformation Test, I think. Multiple Choice questions should be used for younger learners because it is not alright with testing high level skills. I have learned that grammar is one of Essentials of teaching language and it is benefical to use language properly and I learned some types of testing grammar.