The title of this article is Teaching and Developing Vocabulary: Key to Long –Term Reading Success. It was written by John J. Pikulski and Shane Templeton. It was published in Houghton Mıfftın. It was retrieved from http://www.eduplace.com/state/author/pik_temp.pdf .
This article’s main purpose is to give information about the importance of vocabulary. According to the writer of this article, young children learn to communicate through listening and speaking. In order to make the transition to communicating through reading and writing, they need a large meaning vocabulary and effective decoding skills.
In this article, the writer explains what vocabulary means, why teaching vocabulary to children is so important and how we can improve our students’ vocabulary skills. Firstly vocabulary is the sum of words used by, understood by, or at the command of a particular person or group. We need to teach vocabulary to children in order to facilitate the comprehension of a text that students will be assigned to read. We also teach vocabulary to students, because they cannot communicate without vocabulary knowledge. They cannot understand what they read or hear. According to a research ( Scorborough, 2001) children with weak vocabulary skills are likely to encounter difficulty in lerning to read. In order to improve our students’ vocabulary skills, we should first improve their reading skills.
The single most important activity for building the knowledge required for eventual success in reading is reading aloud the children (Anderson et. Al. 1985). It increases our students’ vocabulary skills. Instructional reading aloud will be more beneficial. Research suggests that wide reading plays a critical role in developing knowledge. Teachers play an important role in facilitating this process.
Teachers should teach to students the strategies for learning words independently.teachers should teach students vocabulary directly, when it is necessary. They need to encourage students to use dictionaries and other reference books. Stutents who are interested in learning will lern better, so every teacher should attempt to develop interest for learning. They should develop and sustain students’ interest in and curiosity about words.
Before I read this article, I did not think teaching vocabulary to students is so important. I do not have much idea about how to teach and what to teach to students. After I read this article, I had some idea about teaching vocabulary. Firstly I learned I need to create a keen awareness of and a deep interest in language and words in order to be successful.I realized that reading is too important in teaching vocabulary. I learned the strategies for deriving word meaning. I believe that these will be helpful for me, while teching vocabulary to children.
This article’s title is Teaching Grammar. It was written by Diana Larsen-Freeman . It was retrieved from here.
Second language educaters have difficulty in deciding which approaches they will use. They have alternated between favoring teaching approaches which focus on having students analyse language in order to learn it and those who which encourage students to use the language in order to acquire it.
The writer talks about approaches which not only focus on grammar, but also on grammar. He says there are some approaches which devote a significant amount of classrom time to develop communication skills such as community language learning, suggestopedia, and communicative approach. He also talks about natural approach which suggest that as long as students receive comprehensiple input, language learning is possible. We used to believe that form was more important than communication. Now we believe that communication is more important than form.
When students learn to communicate, the mastery of the forms will take care of itself, but the problem is that form does not take care of itself. We need to teach grammar, but teaching grammar does not require a focus on form or structure alone. Linguistic accuracy is also important as much as communication.
Teaching grammar means enabling language students to use linguistic forms accurately, meaningfully and appropriately. In dealing with the complexity of grammar, there are three dimensions of language that must be dealt with: the form or structure, their semantics or meaning, the pragmatic conditions. Form is related to how it is formed, meaning is related to what it means and pragmatic deals with when and why it is used. The wrter explains these three dimension of language with examples. And he says three of them are important in teaching English.
After I read this article, I understand that in teaching English, teaching grammar alone is not effective. We should focus on meaning in teaching language, but we should not underestimate the form. Form is also important in teaching language. While we are teaching grammar, we shoul not give the rules expicitly. We should give students a chance to understand the form themselves. We can use these approaches in Turkey. If we use these approaches inTurkey, then maybe students can communicate effectively.
I try to teach English in Turkey which has a lot of problems in teaching a foreign language. This must have a lot of reasons but we are really unsuccessful at teaching. I, myself had German lessons about 7 years, yet I haven’t been able to speak tht language. This example is enough to show the degree of this problem of ours.
After having and absolute failure in learning a language, now I experience it in teaching. For me the biggest problem is the prejeduce and language nationalism.
The prejeduce is that the students believe that English is very difficult to learn. Well, thisis not a real problem for a real English teacher. But when students do not want to learn English and still you have to teach, everything changes. My students’ common sentences: ” Why do we learn Egnlish? Why don’t they learn Turkish instead?”.
I can solve every problem I can encounter but this one is really hard for me. I am trying to explain it in different ways but I can not say I am successful.
So, are you experiencing such problems? How do you overcome?